Volume 16 Number 1 

Globalization, Ethics, and Higher Education
Shawna Vyhmeister


Economic Wealth and Education: A Global Comparison
Shawna Vyhmeister and Ronald Vyhmeister
Avoiding Ethical Pitfalls: A Cross-Case Study
of the Global Financial Crisis and
the Seventh-day Adventist Church

Carlos Biaggi

Implementation of the Anti-Human Trafficking Law
in Cebu City, Philippines

Ferdinand T. Abocejo & Fernando K. Gubalane

Instructional Design Foundations
of Online Education

Safary Wa-Mbaleka

A SWOT Analysis of Globalization in
Adventist Higher Education

Pablo J. Rios 

This issue Front and Back Pages

International Forum 
Vol. 16, No. 1
April 2013

Economic Wealth and Education: A Global Comparison

Abstract. Poverty has long been associated with lower levels of
school achievement within developed nations, as well as across
nations. The level of economic wealth of a nation has also been found
to be correlated with many aspects relating to education: funding,
access, human resources, literacy, etc. This paper uses World Bank
data to describe educational achievement and gender equity in
education in countries at each of four levels of economic wealth as
described by the World Bank. Results show that GNI is a good
indicator of educational achievement across levels of economic
wealth, that wealthier countries in general have higher educational
achievement, with a few understandable exceptions, and that girls’
education is an issue mainly in Level 1 countries. 


Shawna Vhymeister, PhD
Chair, Education Department

Ronald Vyhmeister, PhD

Director, Recruitment and Advancement
Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies
Silang, Cavite, Philippines



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