Volume 20 Number 2 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Academic Dishonesty and Achievement Emotions AmongInternational Students in Thailand
Darrin Thomas
D.A.M.S: Introduction to a Disruptive Aging
Paradigm for Strengthening Longevity and
Improving Quality of Life

William C. Andress 

Promoting More English Language Teaching and
Learning in Adventist Organizations 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka, Carol Linda Kingston,
& Sheri Joy Namanya

The Influence of Culture and Access to Health Care Delivery As Predictors of Health Behaviors Among Malaysians of Different Cultural Backgrounds 
Mary Jane Botabara-Yap, Miriam Razon-Estrada,
& Edwin Balila

Teaching Aids in English Language Teaching in Zimbabwe: The Case of Granda District 
Noko Thubelihle & Muchemwa Stella

Faith Presence: How Students Live Faith in
the Online Classroom 

Leni T. Casimiro

Syntactic Analysis Preference: How Filipinos Do withGlobally-Ambiguous Sentences 
Lesley Karen B. Penera

Seven Secrets of Mental Power in
the Writings of Ellen G. White 

Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Needs Assessment of Senior High School
Mathematics Teachers in Teaching Statistics
and Probability 

Sussette Candelario-Aplaon

The Effects of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education On the English Literacy of Children in
Silang, Philippines 

Sheri Joy C. Namanya

Social Investment Funds and Social Responsibility: Do International Financial Institutions Deserve Special Treatment? 
Christel Arnaud Ngadima & Isaac P. Podah

Appreciative Inquiry of Social Marketing: Studies Between 2000 and 2009 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

Symptomology of Academic Theft: Does It Matter If Students Steal? 
Ismael N. Talili

Moonlighting as a Growing Phenomenon:
A Case Study of a Congolese Christian University 

Georges Mumbere Kisumano & Safary Wa-Mbaleka


International Forum 
Vol. 20, No. 2
December 2017
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497


Abstract. Changing a person’s health behavior is a daunting task. This cross-sectional study aimed at finding the influence of culture and delivery of healthcare as predictors of health behavior (such as diet, physical activity, sleeping and smoking) among Malaysians. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 459respondents consisting of Chinese, Malays, and Indians. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean and standard deviation as well as multiple regression. Results show that culture predicted diet (unstandardized coefficient of 0.39, a t-value of 8.81) and sleeping (unstandardized coefficient of0.41, a t-value of 5.30). Accessibility to health care delivery had a negative influence on diet (unstandardized coefficient of -0.07, a t-value of -2.31) and sleeping (unstandardized coefficient of -0.10, a t-value of -0.08). However, access to health care had a positive influence on physical activity (p < 0.05 < 0.01).Findings suggest that health promotion is a complex undertaking, one that requires understanding of the culture of the population.


Keywords: health behavior, primary health care, culture, health promotion, access to health care, Malaysia, survey


Mary Jane Botabara-Yap, DrPH
Chair, Public Health Department
Adventist University of the Philippines
Silang, Cavite Philippines

Miriam Razon-Estrada
Faculty, College of Health
Adventist University of the Philippines
Silang, Cavite, Philippines

Edwin Balila, PhD
Dean, College of Science and Technology
Adventist University of the Philippines
Silang, Cavite, Philippines

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