Volume 20 Number 2 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Academic Dishonesty and Achievement Emotions AmongInternational Students in Thailand
Darrin Thomas
D.A.M.S: Introduction to a Disruptive Aging
Paradigm for Strengthening Longevity and
Improving Quality of Life

William C. Andress 

Promoting More English Language Teaching and
Learning in Adventist Organizations 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka, Carol Linda Kingston,
& Sheri Joy Namanya

The Influence of Culture and Access to Health Care Delivery As Predictors of Health Behaviors Among Malaysians of Different Cultural Backgrounds 
Mary Jane Botabara-Yap, Miriam Razon-Estrada,
& Edwin Balila

Teaching Aids in English Language Teaching in Zimbabwe: The Case of Granda District 
Noko Thubelihle & Muchemwa Stella

Faith Presence: How Students Live Faith in
the Online Classroom 

Leni T. Casimiro

Syntactic Analysis Preference: How Filipinos Do withGlobally-Ambiguous Sentences 
Lesley Karen B. Penera

Seven Secrets of Mental Power in
the Writings of Ellen G. White 

Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Needs Assessment of Senior High School
Mathematics Teachers in Teaching Statistics
and Probability 

Sussette Candelario-Aplaon

The Effects of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education On the English Literacy of Children in
Silang, Philippines 

Sheri Joy C. Namanya

Social Investment Funds and Social Responsibility: Do International Financial Institutions Deserve Special Treatment? 
Christel Arnaud Ngadima & Isaac P. Podah

Appreciative Inquiry of Social Marketing: Studies Between 2000 and 2009 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

Symptomology of Academic Theft: Does It Matter If Students Steal? 
Ismael N. Talili

Moonlighting as a Growing Phenomenon:
A Case Study of a Congolese Christian University 

Georges Mumbere Kisumano & Safary Wa-Mbaleka


International Forum 
Vol. 20, No. 2
December 2017
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497


Abstract. Education is vital for success in life. Globalization, however, has changed the trend so that mere education is becoming insufficient. English proficiency has become equally vital for success in the global arena. With the implementation of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) in the Philippines, the English literacy development of Filipinos may be adversely affected.This paper, therefore, examined the effects of MTB-MLE on the English literacy development of Filipino children. In this experimental study, the same pre-tests and post-tests were administered to two groups of 68 students from a public elementary school in Silang, Philippines. One group was taught in the mother tongue while the other group in English. Test results were analyzed using t-test through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences(SPSS) package. Results showed that children taught in the mother tongue demonstrated a decline in English literacy level, confirming certain language acquisition theories and fears of some scholars.This paper ends with recommendations for further study and recommendations to policymakers.


Keywords: English literacy development, MTB-MLE, effects, Philippines, experimental design, children


Sheri Joy C. Namanya, MA Student
AIIAS, Silang, Cavite, Philippines

 Click Here to Download (PDF - 200 kb)