Volume 20 Number 2 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Academic Dishonesty and Achievement Emotions AmongInternational Students in Thailand
Darrin Thomas
D.A.M.S: Introduction to a Disruptive Aging
Paradigm for Strengthening Longevity and
Improving Quality of Life

William C. Andress 

Promoting More English Language Teaching and
Learning in Adventist Organizations 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka, Carol Linda Kingston,
& Sheri Joy Namanya

The Influence of Culture and Access to Health Care Delivery As Predictors of Health Behaviors Among Malaysians of Different Cultural Backgrounds 
Mary Jane Botabara-Yap, Miriam Razon-Estrada,
& Edwin Balila

Teaching Aids in English Language Teaching in Zimbabwe: The Case of Granda District 
Noko Thubelihle & Muchemwa Stella

Faith Presence: How Students Live Faith in
the Online Classroom 

Leni T. Casimiro

Syntactic Analysis Preference: How Filipinos Do withGlobally-Ambiguous Sentences 
Lesley Karen B. Penera

Seven Secrets of Mental Power in
the Writings of Ellen G. White 

Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Needs Assessment of Senior High School
Mathematics Teachers in Teaching Statistics
and Probability 

Sussette Candelario-Aplaon

The Effects of Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education On the English Literacy of Children in
Silang, Philippines 

Sheri Joy C. Namanya

Social Investment Funds and Social Responsibility: Do International Financial Institutions Deserve Special Treatment? 
Christel Arnaud Ngadima & Isaac P. Podah

Appreciative Inquiry of Social Marketing: Studies Between 2000 and 2009 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

Symptomology of Academic Theft: Does It Matter If Students Steal? 
Ismael N. Talili

Moonlighting as a Growing Phenomenon:
A Case Study of a Congolese Christian University 

Georges Mumbere Kisumano & Safary Wa-Mbaleka


International Forum 
Vol. 20, No. 2
December 2017
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497


Abstract. This paper explores why professors at a rural Christian university—where traditionally moonlighting was not allowed–moonlight and the impact this practice has. A qualitative case study with semi-structured interviews and a focus group discussion with students and faculty was used to understand the phenomenon at a Christian university in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Findings suggest that moonlighting occurs for financial reasons, as a hedging mechanism against the uncertainty of the future, as a way to take advantage of available opportunities, for networking, for improvement of professors’ intellectual capacity, and for academic ranking at the national level. The phenomenon results in superficial teaching, limited personal contact with students, and reduced concentration on daily teaching activities. In addition, it increases the risk of burnout and reduces the time spent with the family.The study has implications for human resources management and quality of education as well.


Keywords: moonlighting, professor, students, case study, salary, case study, university, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa


Georges MumbereKisumano, PhD Student
Adventist International Institute of Advanced Studies
Silang, Cavite, Philippines

Safary Wa-Mbaleka, EdD, PhD
Associate Professor, AIIAS
Silang, Cavite, Philippines

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