Volume 21 Number 1 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Living Alone: The Experiences of Married Single Students in Higher Education
Phanuel Manizabayo & Prema Gaikwad
Prismatic View of Gender Power Relations at the Intersection in Linda Ty-Casper’s Ten Thousand Seeds
Rosemarie Cerbito-Abocot 

Climate Change Advocacy through the Arts: The IMCC Kapagintaw Ethno-Rock 
Reynaldo Openiano Mancia & Helen Sumagang Tejero

Cheating During Examination: Inference on human Capital Quality 
Apolonio I. Machica, Jr., Ma. Rosario P. Abud,  Agnesia A. Machica, & Eliza C. Cabugawan

Acculturation of Children as Experienced by Foreign Mothers Studying in the Philippines 
Janet N. Odhiambo, Flor Marticio, & Eunice Aclan

Emergent Themes in Marketing Theory and Practice Literature from 1957 to 2015: A Systematic Review 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

The Axiological Relevance of the Tumba-tumba Festival in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Philippines 
Caesar Ziggy Q. Perlas

Wish to WISHCRAFT: A Peek into an Environmentally Friendly School 
Prema Gaikwad & Blessing Obaya

Empowering Persons with Disabilities Through Training and Employment: A Case Study 
Donie Ver Medalla & Bella Marie Medalla

The Sustainability of the Social Responsibility of Canaan Farmers’ Schools:  A Comparative Case Study of South Korea and the Philippines 
Daren Ngadima & Christel Arnaud Ngadima

Big Data, Education, and Social Responsibility 
Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Fisher-Buyer Trade Relations: An Oppressive Reality 
Max Teody T. Quimilat


International Forum 
Vol. 21, No. 1
June 2018
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497

Cheating During Examination:  Inference  on Human Capital Quality

Abstract. School management sets the norms of conduct for the guidance of its constituency. Cheating violates a norm of conduct and symbolizes decadence of value. Anchored on personal value and social disorganization theory, this case study involving college sophomore, junior, and senior student-participants of a government school in Eastern Samar, Philippines who were purposively referred by their class adviser, revealed that cheating was dictated by the desire of the student to avoid failing grade yet lazy to study. The participants’ laziness to study indicated absence if not decadence of industry, diligence, and perseverance. Instead, they were hounded with mediocrity that is the foundation of laziness. They gamble for the stealthy misdeed to satisfy instant gratification to pass the examination. The study likewise revealed that the participants loosely nurtured the value of honesty and self-respect, which justified their cheating. The participants stated that dishonesty and lack of selfrespect are brought to the workplace manifested in lack of selfconfidence, dependence on others, and easy-go-lucky attitude.


Keywords: Cheating; social disorganization; workplace attitude;  academic integrity; qualitative research; case study 



Apolonio I. Machica, Jr., PhD
Eastern Samar State University-Salcedo Campus
Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines


Ma. Rosario P. Abud, ME
Eastern Samar State University-Salcedo Campus
Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines


Agnesia A. Machica, MAEd
Eastern Samar State University-Salcedo Campus
Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines


Eliza C. Cabugawan, MB
Eastern Samar State University-Salcedo Campus
Salcedo, Eastern Samar, Philippines 


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