Volume 21 Number 1 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Living Alone: The Experiences of Married Single Students in Higher Education
Phanuel Manizabayo & Prema Gaikwad
Prismatic View of Gender Power Relations at the Intersection in Linda Ty-Casper’s Ten Thousand Seeds
Rosemarie Cerbito-Abocot 

Climate Change Advocacy through the Arts: The IMCC Kapagintaw Ethno-Rock 
Reynaldo Openiano Mancia & Helen Sumagang Tejero

Cheating During Examination: Inference on human Capital Quality 
Apolonio I. Machica, Jr., Ma. Rosario P. Abud,  Agnesia A. Machica, & Eliza C. Cabugawan

Acculturation of Children as Experienced by Foreign Mothers Studying in the Philippines 
Janet N. Odhiambo, Flor Marticio, & Eunice Aclan

Emergent Themes in Marketing Theory and Practice Literature from 1957 to 2015: A Systematic Review 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

The Axiological Relevance of the Tumba-tumba Festival in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Philippines 
Caesar Ziggy Q. Perlas

Wish to WISHCRAFT: A Peek into an Environmentally Friendly School 
Prema Gaikwad & Blessing Obaya

Empowering Persons with Disabilities Through Training and Employment: A Case Study 
Donie Ver Medalla & Bella Marie Medalla

The Sustainability of the Social Responsibility of Canaan Farmers’ Schools:  A Comparative Case Study of South Korea and the Philippines 
Daren Ngadima & Christel Arnaud Ngadima

Big Data, Education, and Social Responsibility 
Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Fisher-Buyer Trade Relations: An Oppressive Reality 
Max Teody T. Quimilat


International Forum 
Vol. 21, No. 1
June 2018
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497

The Axiological Relevance of the Tumba-tumba  Festival in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Philippines

Abstract. This study explored the Tumba-tumba festival celebration of Paoay, Ilocos Norte in the Philippines. During the celebration, different huts are put up with altars inside them that have a lot of food offerings. The study explored the value and meaning of the folk practices. The studied used the ethnographic observation, documentation, and interviews of the participants of the 10 districts during the celebration. The tradition was the blended values of Ilocano and religious faith. The participants were devoted in the preservation of the culture but few knew the meaning of the food offerings. In the practice of the tradition, the participants were not aware that they were performing different fields of the arts. The local government organizes other activities to promote the festival but these usually result in divided interests of visitors towards the real value of the tradition. The local government therefore, as the key factor in the preservation of the cultural values of the tradition, is recommended to develop and increase the awareness of the program during the festival to promote its real meaning for the younger generation to emulate.


Keywords: Tumba-tumba, Festival, Paoay, Culture, Tradition, Ilocos Region, Philippines 



Caesar Ziggy Q. Perlas, MAT
University of Northern Philippines
Heritage City of Vigan, Philippines

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