Volume 21 Number 1 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Living Alone: The Experiences of Married Single Students in Higher Education
Phanuel Manizabayo & Prema Gaikwad
Prismatic View of Gender Power Relations at the Intersection in Linda Ty-Casper’s Ten Thousand Seeds
Rosemarie Cerbito-Abocot 

Climate Change Advocacy through the Arts: The IMCC Kapagintaw Ethno-Rock 
Reynaldo Openiano Mancia & Helen Sumagang Tejero

Cheating During Examination: Inference on human Capital Quality 
Apolonio I. Machica, Jr., Ma. Rosario P. Abud,  Agnesia A. Machica, & Eliza C. Cabugawan

Acculturation of Children as Experienced by Foreign Mothers Studying in the Philippines 
Janet N. Odhiambo, Flor Marticio, & Eunice Aclan

Emergent Themes in Marketing Theory and Practice Literature from 1957 to 2015: A Systematic Review 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

The Axiological Relevance of the Tumba-tumba Festival in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Philippines 
Caesar Ziggy Q. Perlas

Wish to WISHCRAFT: A Peek into an Environmentally Friendly School 
Prema Gaikwad & Blessing Obaya

Empowering Persons with Disabilities Through Training and Employment: A Case Study 
Donie Ver Medalla & Bella Marie Medalla

The Sustainability of the Social Responsibility of Canaan Farmers’ Schools:  A Comparative Case Study of South Korea and the Philippines 
Daren Ngadima & Christel Arnaud Ngadima

Big Data, Education, and Social Responsibility 
Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Fisher-Buyer Trade Relations: An Oppressive Reality 
Max Teody T. Quimilat


International Forum 
Vol. 21, No. 1
June 2018
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497

Empowering Persons with Disabilities Through Training and Employment: A Case Study

Abstract. Empowering persons with disabilities (PWDs) involves ensuring their independence and self-reliance by creating job opportunities for them. However, PWDs are marginalized when it comes to employment. In the Asia Pacific region alone, the unemployment rate for PWDs is 80% or more. One way to address this issue is to utilize social enterprise (a business for profit and social responsibility) as a mechanism for the inclusion of PWDs in the economy. This qualitative case study examined the effort of empowering PWDs through training and employment by “Handcrafted by Harl’s,” a social enterprise in Laguna, Philippines. The findings indicate a few things including the following: (a) A social enterprise was a viable an ethical mechanism for the inclusion of PWDs in the economy. (b) Mentoring was a successful way of training PWDs for skills development that promotes a sense of value. (c) A social enterprise could be an avenue for the empowerment of PWDs leading to their participation in socio-economic activities if healthy conditions supporting their experiences on their psychological needs were provided. Finally, the result of this study supports findings of previous studies that suggest that disability is socially constructed.


Keywords: Persons with disabilities, social enterprise, empowerment,  self-esteem, social model of disability, employment,  sustainable skill development, self-determination theory 



Donie Ver Medalla, Master’s Student
Academic Editor
AIIAS, Silang, Philippines


Bella Marie Medalla, Master’s Student
Teacher, AIIAS Academy
AIIAS, Silang, Philippines


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