Volume 21 Number 1 

Safary Wa-Mbaleka


Living Alone: The Experiences of Married Single Students in Higher Education
Phanuel Manizabayo & Prema Gaikwad
Prismatic View of Gender Power Relations at the Intersection in Linda Ty-Casper’s Ten Thousand Seeds
Rosemarie Cerbito-Abocot 

Climate Change Advocacy through the Arts: The IMCC Kapagintaw Ethno-Rock 
Reynaldo Openiano Mancia & Helen Sumagang Tejero

Cheating During Examination: Inference on human Capital Quality 
Apolonio I. Machica, Jr., Ma. Rosario P. Abud,  Agnesia A. Machica, & Eliza C. Cabugawan

Acculturation of Children as Experienced by Foreign Mothers Studying in the Philippines 
Janet N. Odhiambo, Flor Marticio, & Eunice Aclan

Emergent Themes in Marketing Theory and Practice Literature from 1957 to 2015: A Systematic Review 
Innocent Sigauke & Kenneth Swansi

The Axiological Relevance of the Tumba-tumba Festival in Paoay, Ilocos Norte, Philippines 
Caesar Ziggy Q. Perlas

Wish to WISHCRAFT: A Peek into an Environmentally Friendly School 
Prema Gaikwad & Blessing Obaya

Empowering Persons with Disabilities Through Training and Employment: A Case Study 
Donie Ver Medalla & Bella Marie Medalla

The Sustainability of the Social Responsibility of Canaan Farmers’ Schools:  A Comparative Case Study of South Korea and the Philippines 
Daren Ngadima & Christel Arnaud Ngadima

Big Data, Education, and Social Responsibility 
Yaroslav Ovdiyenko

Fisher-Buyer Trade Relations: An Oppressive Reality 
Max Teody T. Quimilat


International Forum 
Vol. 21, No. 1
June 2018
Print ISSN : 0119-2000
Online ISSN : 2350-7497

The Sustainability of the Social Responsibility of Canaan Farmers’ Schools:  A Comparative Case Study of                             South Korea and the Philippines

Abstract. This paper is about the impact of social responsibility of the instructional design (ID) of the Canaan Farmers’ School (CFS) in the South Korean society and the challenges of replicating the same impact in the Philippine society. It is becoming increasingly apparent that after decades of implementation, the ID of the CFS is failing to replicate a South Korean-like national development impact in the Philippines. This situation of ineffective replication of the impact of the ID of CFS represents a setback to the significance of the expansion of social responsibility, which requires a serious examination. For a comprehensive understanding of the situation, this study employed a qualitative comparative case study approach to gather comprehensive, systematic, and in-depth information, collected at the CFS Philippines during the training for Camp Asia Inc. scholars on January 26-28, 2017. The 51 participants of the study are comprised of CFS Philippine administrators and staff, and Camp Asia advisers and scholars. Research findings revealed that the three important components of the ID of CFS were the pioneering spirit, mindset transformation, and asset-based community development. Moreover, the lack of political will is seriously missing in the leadership for the expansion of social responsibility embedded in the ID of CFS in the rural and urban communities of the Philippines as it was the case in South Korea.


Keywords: Social responsibility, instructional design, South Korea,  Philippines, Comparative Case Study, Canaan Farmers’  School 



Daren Ngadima, MAEd
PhD Student, University of the Philippines
Diliman, Philippines


Christel Arnaud Ngadima, LL.M, MDiv
PhD Candidate, University of the Philippines, 
Diliman, Philippines

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